This page is the result of a merging of four previous posts on fish species into one.  I maintain it as a running tab of fish species (or subspecies) that I’ve caught.  I’ve done my best to make sure what is posted on this page is accurate, but I’m no biologist and I don’t have access to genetic testing, so be that as it may.

Sunfishes

I wanted to put together a total list of fish species I’ve caught, just to try and keep a running tab.  Hopefully it will continue to grow as I fish more new waters.  I think I get just as excited catching new species as I do catching truly big fish.  I’m not on any kind of mission to catch a certain number of species, I just think it will be interesting to maintain and revisit the list from time to time.  It should also help to serve as a place to ID a fish that you’ve caught, but have no idea what it is.  Of course, I’m not a biologist, so take what I post with a grain of salt, most of my knowledge comes from experience, and the internet.  In time I will add other freshwater fish from different families, then move on to saltwater, but for now here are the sunfishes.  Update, June 2018: Both of Lance Coley’s articles on black bass species have gone the way of the do-do.  Tim Bonvechio and Patrick Cooney have a pretty good article on black bass up on The Fisheries Blog highlighting the 9 species that the scientific community are in agreement on.  Work is being done to add more and those are mentioned in the article as well, so be sure to check it out. 

Warning to some though, things are about to get nerdy. I’ll separate each species according to it’s taxonomy.  Today I’ll start in freshwater with the sunfishes, family Centrarchidae, which has 8 genera, and 28 species native to North America. So far I’ve caught 16 of them.  It helps to live in the Southeastern U.S. if you want to catch a variety of sunfish.

I’ll put up a picture and a distribution map of those that I’ve caught. Click the map for more information about that particular species. The distribution maps come from NatureServe Explorer. A pretty good resource for finding information on plants and animals.

Ambloplites ariommus – Shadow bass

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Ambloplites rupestris – Rock bass

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Lepomis auritus – Redbreast sunfish

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Lepomis cyanellus – Green sunfish

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Lepomis gulosis – Warmouth

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Lepomis macrochirus – Bluegill

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Lepomis megalotis – Longear sunfish

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Lepomis microlophus – Redear sunfish

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Lepomis miniatus – Redspotted sunfish

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Lepomis punctatus – Spotted sunfish

Micropterus cataractae – Shoal bass

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Micropterus cahabae – Cahaba bass (formerly Redeye bass from the Cahaba River drainage)

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Micropterus chattahoochee – Chattahoochee bass (Redeye bass from the Chattahoochee River drainage)

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Micropterus coosae – Redeye bass (Redeye bass from the Coosa River drainage)

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Micropterus sp. cf. M. coosae – Bartram’s bass (formerly Redeye bass from the Savannah River drainage)

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Micropterus sp. cf. M. coosae – Altamaha bass (formerly Redeye bass from the Altmaha River drainage)

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Micropterus tallapoosae – Tallapoosa bass (formerly Redeye bass from the Tallapoosa River drainage)

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Micropterus warriorensis – Warrior bass (formerly Redeye bass from the Black Warrior River drainage)

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Micropterus dolomieu – Smallmouth bass

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Micropterus haiaka – Choctaw bass

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The newest member of the black bass family as discovered by biologists with the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission.  Their range falls in between the Alabama bass and the Shoal bass in Gulf draining streams on the Florida panhandle and in Alabama.

Micropterus hensalli – Alabama bass (formerly Spotted bass of the Mobile River drainage)

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No range map given from NatureServe. They are only native to rivers that flow into Mobile Bay.

Micropterus punctulatus – Spotted bass (Kentucky)

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Micropterus salmoides salmoides – Northern largemouth bass

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Micropterus treculii – Guadalupe bass

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Pomoxis annularis – White crappie

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Pomoxis nigromaculatus – Black crappie

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Salmonids

The salmonids are in family Salmonidae, which has 10-11 genera divided into 3 subfamilies; Coregoninae(whitefish), Thymallinae(grayling), and Salmoninae(char/trout/salmon). Living in the Southeast you have access to a very limited amount of salmonids and I’ve caught the 3 that occur in Georgia, only 1 actually being native, the brook trout, which is actually a char.  Update, June 2018: I made my first trip out West in September of 2012 to Colorado and caught several greenback cutthroat trout in Rocky Mountain National Park – or what were considered greenback trout at the time.  Made another trip out West in August of 2013 to Teton and Yellowstone National Parks where I picked up a couple more cutthroat species.  In August of 2015 I was able to complete the Wyoming Cutt Slam, picking up Wyoming’s four native cutthroat species (they do have a fifth, the Westslope, that is not required for the slam – I’ve yet to catch a Westslope).  Finally in July of 2017 I completed the Utah cutthroat slam, which didn’t necessarily add any new species to the list, but I was able to add Bonneville cutthroat outside of the Bear River drainage.

Dr. Robert Behnke is the man when it comes to salmonid knowledge. Pick up his book if you want to learn more about this particular family, “Trout and Salmon of North America”. Another great resource is Gary Marston’s Native Trout Fly Fishing blog, he has a Trout and Salmon species page with pictures and information of all those that he has caught (which may be all that are found in the U.S.). Gary’s trip reports are a good read as well, he has had some epic road trips to catch trout in their native range.

Oncorhynchus mykiss – Rainbow trout

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Salmo trutta – Brown trout

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Brown trout are exotic to North America, so there is no native range map available on NatureServe. This is their distribution map, pink illustrates what states they might be found in (Alabama?).

Salvelinus fontinalis – Brook trout

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Oncorhynchus clarki stomias – Greenback cutthroat trout

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No range map was given from NatureServe for the greenback, but their historical range is pretty much in the state of Colorado on the Front Range, with some watersheds slipping into Wyoming. They are found in the headwaters streams of the South Platte and Arkansas River drainages.

Oncorhynchus clarki pleuriticus – Colorado River cutthroat trout

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No range map was given from NatureServe for the Colorado River cuttroat, but their historical range is headwaters streams in the Green and Colorado Rivers, as far south as the San Juan River, west of the Continental Divide.  They are currently limited to a few small headwater streams of the Green and upper Colorado rivers in Colorado, Utah, and Wyoming, including the Escalante River drainage in southern Utah

Oncorhynchus clarkii utah – Bonneville cutthroat trout

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No range map was given from NatureServe for the Bonneville, but their historical range is pretty much in the state of Utah, with some watersheds slipping into Wyoming, Idaho, and Nevada.

Oncorhynchus clarkii utah – Bonneville cutthroat trout – Bear River strain

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They are found in the headwaters streams of the Bear River.  No range map was given from NatureServe for the Bear River cutthroat trout, but they are native to the Bear River and it’s tributaries, including Bear Lake.

Oncorhynchus clarkii bouvieri – Yellowstone cutthroat trout

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No range map was given from NatureServe for the Yellowstone cutt, but their historical range is the Yellowstone River drainage in Montana and Wyoming and the Snake River drainage in Wyoming and Idaho.  Their current range overlaps with that of the Finespot in the Snake River drainage above Shoshone Falls.

Oncorhynchus clarkii behnkei – Finespotted Snake River cutthroat trout

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No range map was given from NatureServe for the Finespotted Snake River cutt, but their historical range overlaps the Yellowstone cutt in the states of Wyoming and Idaho. They are found in the headwaters streams of the Snake River, particularly the South Fork.

Prosopium williamsoni – Mountain whitefish

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Thymallus arcticus – Arctic grayling

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Other Freshwater Fish

Outside of the sunfishes and the salmonids I haven’t caught multiple species from one family, so I lumped them all together here. Most of these were caught as bycatch while fishing for bass. I have begun to target some of them a little more these days with the fly rod. The picture quality on a couple of these is less than stellar. It is pretty funny looking back at some of these old pictures, I could tell when I got my Pentax Optio, quality improved, it was 2006-2007, sometime when I was living in Alabama. Also, I didn’t include every different chub or shiner that I’ve caught. There are so many different kinds out there and I really didn’t feel it was worth my time to research just what kind of chub or shiner I had caught as bycatch. I don’t plan on targeting them at this point in my life.

Amia calva – Bowfin (choupique)

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The bowfin is actually the only surviving member of the family Amiidae.

Cichlasoma cyanoguttatum – Rio Grande cichlid

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The Rio Grande cichlid is the only cichlid species native to the U.S. They’ve been introduced to the City Park lagoons in New Orleans.

Esox niger – Chain pickerel

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The chain pickerel is a member of the family Esocidae, for which Esox is the only living genus. Musky and pike are also Esox.

Ictalurus punctatus – Channel catfish

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The channel catfish is in the Ictaluridae family, they are a family of North American catfishes. There are plenty of ictalurids out there, I just never target them.

Lepisosteus platostomus – Shortnose gar

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Lepisosteus oculatus – Spotted gar

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Nocomis leptocephalus – Bluehead chub

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We catch these in the creek at the cabin, in fact, you will often run into them while fishing for trout in Georgia, they readily take flies. The tubercles on their heads are prominent during the spawn.

Saltwater Fish 

All of the saltwater species I’ve caught have come from the Gulf of Mexico or bodies of water tidally influenced by the Gulf. There are so many saltwater species out there that it would be pretty pointless to separate them by family, like I did with the freshwater fish, so I divided them between inshore and offshore species, of course most of the inshore species you can catch offshore too. If I caught it inshore, it got labelled as an inshore species. With the exception of the snook, you can catch all of these species in Louisiana or offshore of Louisiana. This list will only grow as I continue to make trips offshore and to Florida. Cobia, tripletail, mackeral, grouper, sharks, pelagics, etc. are all out there waiting to be caught. The list of saltwater species just in the Gulf seems infinite.

Update, February 2014: Just got back from a week in Panama(Feb 2014), kayak fishing the Pacific Ocean where I landed 7-8 new species.

Gulf of Mexico inshore species

Paralichthys lethostigma – Southern flounder

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Pogonias cromis – Black drum

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Sciaenops ocellatus – Red drum

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Archosargus probatocephalus – Sheepshead

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Elops saurus – Ladyfish

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Cynoscion nebulosus – Spotted seatrout

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Cynoscion arenarius – Sand sea trout (White trout)

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Bairdiella chrysoura – American silver perch

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Lutjanus griseus – Gray snapper (Mangrove snapper)

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Lagodon rhomboides – Pinfish

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Synodus foetens – Inshore lizardfish

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Centropomus undecimalis – Common snook

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Gulf of Mexico offshore species

Hyperoglyphe perciformis – Barrelfish

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Seriola rivoliana – Almaco jack

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Seriola dumerili – Greater amberjack

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Balistes capriscus – Gray triggerfish

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Caranx latus – Horse-eye jack

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Caranx hippos – Crevalle Jack

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Coryphaena hippurus – Common dolphinfish

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Lutjanus campechanus – Red snapper

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Euthynnus alletteratus – Little tunny

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Thunnus albacares – Yellowfin tuna

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Lobotes surinamensis – Atlantic tripletail

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Pacific Ocean species

Cirrhitus rivulatus – Giant hawkfish

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Sufflamen verres – Orangeside triggerfish

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Lutjanus argentiventris – Amarillo snapper

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 Sarda orientalis – Striped bonito

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Caranx sexfasciatus – Bigeye trevally

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Alectis ciliaris  African pompano

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Tylosurus crocodilus Houndfish

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